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          Source: [db:來源]  [db:作者]  2022-07-26  我要投稿   論壇   Favorite  
          初二英語(下) 【知識梳理】 I. 重點短語1. on time2. out of3. all by oneself14. lots of5. no longer6. get back7. sooner or later8. run away9. eat up10. take care2 of11. turn off3 12. turn on13. after a while4 14. make faces 15. teach oneself 16. fall off17. play the piano18. knock5 at19. to one's surprise 20. look up21. enjoy oneself 22. help yourself23. tell a story / stories24. leave....behind ……25. come along6 26. hold a sports meeting7 27. be neck and neck28. as8 ... as29. not so / as ... as30. do one's best31. take part9 in32. a moment late33. Bad luck10!34. fall behind35. high jump36. long jump37. relay11 race38. well done!39. take off40. as usual41. a pair of42. at once43. hurry off44. come to oneself45. after a while46. knock on47. take care of48. at the moment49. set12 off50. here and there51. on watch52. look out53. take one’s placeII. 重要句型1. We’d better not do sth.2. leave one. oneself3. find one’s way to a place4. stand on one’s head5. make sb. Happy6. catch up with sb.7. pass on sth. to somebody8. spend time doing sth.9. go on doing sth.10. get on well with sb.11. be angry with sb.12. be fed up with sth.13. not…until…14. make room for sb.III. 交際用語1. We’re all by ourselves13.2. I fell14 a little afraid.3. Don’t be afraid.4. Help!5. Can’t you hear anything?6. I can’t hear anything / anybody15 there.7. Maybe it’s a tiger.8. Let’s get it back before they eat the food.9. Did16 she learn all by herself17?10. Could18 she swim when she was19 …years old?11. She didn’t hurt herself.12. He couldn’t buy himself20 many nice things.13. Did he enjoy himself?14. Help yourselves21.15. Bad luck!16. Come on!17. Well done! Congratulations22 (to…)!18. It must be very interesting.19. I don’t think you’ll like it.20. It seems23 to be an interesting book.21. I’m sure (that)… I’m not sure if… I’m not sure what to…22. I hope24 so.23. What was he/she drawing25 when…?24. I’m sorry to trouble26 you.25. Would27 you please…?26. What were you doing at ten o’clock yesterday morning?27. You look tired today.28. You’d better go to bed early tonight, if you can.29. How kind!30. Let’s move the bag, or it may cause28 an accident29.31. It’s really nice of you.32. Don’t mention30 it.33. Don’t crowd31 around him.IV. 重要語法1. 不定代詞/副詞的運用; 2. 反身代詞的用法;3. 并列句;4. 形容詞和副詞的比較等級;5. 冠詞的用法;6. 動詞的過去進行時;【名師講解】1. bring/takeBring表示“帶來、拿來”,指從別處朝說話人所在或將在的地方“帶來、拿來”。而take則表示“拿去、帶走”,它表示的方向與bring相反,指從說話人所在地“拿走、帶走”。如:Bring me the book, please. 把那本書給我拿來。Take some food to the old man. 給那位老人帶去些食物。2. somebody/ anybody/nobody32 一般說來,somebody用于定句,anybody用于否定句、疑問句和條件狀語從句。例如: Somebody came33 to see you when you were out. 你出來時有人來見你。 Does anybody live on this island? 有人在這島上住嗎? I didn't see anybody there. 我在那兒誰也沒看見。 Don't let anybody in. I'm too busy to see anybody. 別讓任何人進來。我太忙,誰也不想見。 There is nobody in the room. 房間里沒人。 Nobody told me that you were ill, so I didn't know about it . 誰也沒告訴我你病了。所以我不知道。 3. listen, listen to, hear這三個詞意思都是“聽”,但是它們的用法不完全相同。它們的區別在于:(1)listen 只用于不及物動詞,后面接人或人物做賓語,著重于“傾聽”,指的是有意識的動作,至于是否聽到,并非強調的重點。如:Listen! Someone34 is singing in the classroom. 聽!有人在教室唱歌。(2)listen to 為listen的及物形式,后面一定要接人或物做賓語,這里的to是介詞。如:Do you like listening to light music?你喜歡聽輕音樂嗎?(3)hear 可用作及物動詞,也可用作不及物動詞,意思是“聽到、聽見”,指用耳朵聽到了某個聲音,表示無意識的動作,著重于聽的能力和結果。如:We hear with our ears.我們用耳朵聽。She listens but hears nothing.她聽了聽,但是什么也沒有聽見。4. many/ much/ a few35/ a little/ few/ little(1)many修飾可數名詞,much修飾不可數名詞;都表示許多。例如: He has many books.他有許多書。 He drank much milk.他喝了許多牛奶。(2)a few和a little都表示"有一點兒",側重于肯定,相當于"some",但a few修飾可數名詞,a little修飾不可數名詞,例如:He has a few friends in London.他在倫敦有一些朋友。Would you like some coffee? Yes, just a little.喝點咖啡好嗎?好的,只要一點。(3)few和little表示"幾乎沒有",側重否定。few后接可數名詞,little后接不可數名詞。例如:He is a strange36 man. He has few words.他是個怪人,他幾乎不說什么話。Hurry up, there is little time left.趕快,沒什么時間了。 5. either37/ neither38/ both either可作形容詞,一般指"兩者中的任何一個"。有時也可表示"兩個都……"的意思,后跟名詞的單數形式;neither: 指兩者中沒有一個,全否定;both: 指兩者都,肯定。句中可作主語、賓語和定語,both后面應跟名詞的復數形式。如: Neither of the films is good.兩部電影都不好。(沒有一部是好的) Either of the films is good. 兩部電影都不錯。(謂語動詞用單數) Both the teachers often answer the questions.這兩個老師都常常解答問題。6. take part in/jointake part in參加某種活動; join參加,加入某一政黨或組織。例如:Can you take part in my party.你能來參加我的派對嗎?We often take part in many school activities39.我們經常參加學校里的一些活動。He joined the party in 1963. 他1963年入的黨。My little brother joined the army40 last year. 我小弟去年參的軍。7. quite/ rather41/ very(1)quite 表示程度“很,十分,完全地”,“相當”。如:She is quite right.她對極了。That's not quite what I want . 那并不完全是我所要的。(2)rather 表示程度上的“相當”,比預想地程度要大,通常用在不喜歡的情況下。如:It's rather cold today.今天的天氣相當冷。(3)very表示程度“很,甚,極其,非常”,用于修飾形容詞或副詞,既可用在喜歡的情況下,也可用于不喜歡的情況下。應注意“a very +形容詞+可數名詞的單數”結構中,"a"應置于"very"之前,該結構相當“quite a/an +形容詞+名詞”的結構。如:Two months is quite a long time. / a very long time. 兩個月是一段很長的時間。It's a very nice day / quite a nice day. 今天天氣很好!究键c掃描】中考考點在本單元主要集中在:1. 不定代詞/副詞的運用; 2. 反身代詞的用法;3. 并列句;4. 形容詞和副詞的比較等級;5. 冠詞的用法;6. 動詞的過去進行時;7. 本單元學過的詞匯、短語和句型;8. 本單元學過的日常交際用語?荚囆问娇梢允菃雾椞羁、完型填空、短文填空和完成句子!局锌挤独1. (2004年江西省中考試題) ---I called you yesterday evening, but there was no answer. ---Oh, I am sorry I ___________ dinner at my friend’s home. A. have B. had C. was having D. have had【解析】答案:C。該提考查的是動詞的時態。表示過去某一時刻正在進行的動作應用過去進行時。2. (2004年北京市中考試題) ---Which is _________, the sun, the moon or the earth42? ---Of course43 the moon is. A. small B. smaller C. smallest D. the smallest【解析】答案:D。該提考查的是形容詞的比較等級。三者進行比較,其中最小的應用最高級,而形容詞最高級之前必須加頂冠詞the。3. (2004年河北省中考試題) Bob never does his homework _________ Mary. He makes lots of mistakes44. A. so careful as B. as carefully45 as C. carefully as D. as careful as【解析】答案:B。該提考查的是形容詞和副詞的用法區別?瞻滋幩钡脑~是修飾動詞短語does his homework的,應該用副詞。另外,表示“某人做事不如某人細心”應用“not as carefully as”這樣的結構。 4. (2004年吉林省中考試題) ---I like riding fast. It’s very exciting. ---Oh! You mustn’t do it like that, ________ it may have an accident. A. and B. or C. so D. but 【解析】答案:B。該提考查的是連接并列句的并列連詞的選擇。And通常連接兩個意思一致的并列句,so連接兩個有因果關系的并列句,but連接兩個有轉折關系的并列句,or相當于if not意思是“否則”。
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